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Glossary for the airline industry

Definitions and explanations of common terms in the airline industry

flight coupon

The portion of a ticket the passenger gives to the carrier when boarding. A coupon may cover single or multiple legs of a flight, or even contain the entire journey.

flight-related services

An optional service that must be associated to a specific flights on a passenger's ticket. For example, a service for advance seat assignment.

FN, FNT

Abbreviations for footnote.

footnote

Alpha, numeric, alphanumeric, or numeric-alpha characters appended to a fare record indicating specific conditions applicable to the fare. Used along with categories to further restrict a fare, footnotes usually contain travel dates, sales dates, or other special conditions. An advantage of coding restrictions in a footnote rather than a rule is that a footnote may reside in any fare within its carrier/tariff. Any number 1-99 and any letter other than F and T may be assigned to the footnote. (F and T are reserved to mean "travel must be FROM/TO the first city shown in a given market" when they are coded in Category 23.)

fourth freedom

The right for an air carrier to take on, in the territory of another state, passengers, freight, and mail for off-loading in the state in which it is registered.

G30

Directory that controls which organizations (subscribers) receive what public and private data from ATPCO for processing. Now handled through the FareManager Distribution application.

G33

The Partner Security Access Level (or PASS); it is now called Data Control. This directory enables the data owning organization to authorize users at partner organizations to view, create or update changes to fares, rules, footnotes, and add-ons (through the FareManger Fares application and/or the Fares Upload Service). 

gateway

The last point of departure or first point of arrival within a geographic locale as specified below: (Note there is an implied hierarchy in the following descriptions.) a. When traveling between Areas 1, 2, or 3, the last point of departure/first point of arrival in that area. b. When traveling between zones within an area, the last point of departure/first point of arrival in that zone (not applicable to travel between zones within the United States). c. When traveling between countries within a zone, the last point of departure in one country and the first point arrival in another country. NOTE: Gateway hierarchy applies to fare components or pricing units depending upon category application. When travel crosses multiple IATA areas, such as NYC--BOM via PAR(Area 1 to Area 3 via Area 2), the departure from Area 1 (NYC) and the arrival in Area 3 (BOM) are considered the gateways. The intermediate via points in Area 2 are not (PAR), unless further modified by a Gateway TSI in combination with Geographic Location (such as Gateway Europe).

GCM

Great circle miles.

GDS

Global distribution system.

general rule

Restrictions that apply to all fares; consequently, they are separate from the individual fare rules. When a general rule does not apply to a fare, the non-applicability is included in the fare rule. Also called governing rule.

General Rules

Printed tariff pages that are published as legal documents for the governments of Canada and the United States.

GFS

ATPCO's Government Filing System. An automated system used by ATPCO that combines fare and rule data and electronically files carrier changes to corresponding governments or for carriers to display or distribute. The changes can consist of fares, add-ons, footnotes, routings, and rules.

global distribution system

A network system that enables transactions between travel industry service providers such as airlines, hotels, car rental companies, and travel agencies.

Gold Release

The name for the test environment where customers can use real data to familiarize themselves with new interfaces and test changing subscription files to ensure pricing will occur correctly in an updated system.

governing rule

See general rule.

gross fare amount

A filed published or private fare (the amount shown in the Base Fare Box of the passenger coupon). Also called ticketed fare amount.

gross reporting amount

The amount reported to the carrier by the agent, including any commissions to be deducted through the ARC/BSP return.

GUI

Graphical user interface.

half-round-trip fare

1. (US/CA fares) Half of a round-trip fare. A one-way fare is never considered a half-round-trip fare. See also combinations.

2. (International fares) Half of a round-trip (Tag 2) fare or a one-way (Tag 1) fare doubled and halved. Half of a specified/published or constructed/unpublished round trip normal or special fare. Additionally, the one-way normal may be considered to be a half-round-trip normal fare. If a one-way special fare may be doubled to establish a round-trip special fare, the one-way special fare may be considered to be a half-round-trip special fare. A one-way Tag 1 fare doubled and halved may be considered to be a half-round trip-fare, but it is never considered to be a Tag 2 fare. A half-round-trip fare is never a one-way (Tag 3) fare that cannot be doubled. See also combinations.